The 1950s expanded on the trend of “American informal” fashion. This comfortable new look encouraged everything from hats to shoes to slim down, loosen up and mix up color and texture. For men’s 1950s shoes that meant classic men’s footwear such as oxfords, loafers and boots were modified to include thicker soles but a narrower silhouette, offered in primary colors such as blue, green, and grey, and in textures such as reptile skin, suede, woven leather, mesh and heavy fabrics. None of these details were new to footwear but when combined with each other created a decade of casual sophistication.
1950s Mens Oxford Shoes
The lace up dress shoe that had been every man’s staple since the turn of the century was still the leading footwear style of the 1950s. The 1950s versions incorporated previous decades styles as well as some new variations.
Men’s 1950s dress oxfords, derby or bluchers (what’s the difference?) had a smooth body or were perforated with a simple toe cap, moc toe, or elaborate wingtip design. Medium brown was the most versatile color while dark brown or back were options as well. Soles matched the body color in either leather or rubber.
Full lacing was the most traditional but more and more men in the 1950s preferred the minimal two lace closure. It made this classic shoe much more streamlined and faster to tie.
Among dress shoes there was also a full slip on shoe that did not have any laces. Instead, panels of elastic lined the inside stretching open to slip the shoe on easily and close up tight to keep it in place. The lack of laces made them the most un-decorated of men’s 1950s dress shoe styles.
In the late 50s there was also a lace-less shoe called the Shu-lok, Snap Jack, or flapjack shoes. It has a tongue that snaped up to slide the foot in and snap down to lock it in place. It was invented in 1954 but became more popular in 1956–1960. It was marketed at first to elderly men and then to children. Black was the most common color but brown, two-tone saddle, and white nubucks were each adapted to the design. There was another snap buckle closure called a snap-latch that was made of a single strap around the top. By 1959 it was replaced with velcro, as faster and cheaper way to close a shoe without laces. Shu-loks continued to be made into the 70s.
As for casual style oxfords, there were many more choices that experiment with color, texture and design elements. Two-tone fabric and colored leather were common in the early 50s. Tone on tone fabric and leather (usually brown) continued in the later years. Grey suede, cream, and buttery-tan each made contributions to the summer color palette.
Nubucks and Crepe Soles
On college campuses, students and faculty favored white nubucks with red rubber soles in summer. Nubucks or just ‘bucks were popular summer shoes for most of the 1920s onward. Similar to suede, the finish was a sanded leather making them more durable than soft suede shoes. They could come in various shades of light brown but in summer they had to be white or ivory.
The red rubber sole was a new look in 1950s shoes. They were usually combined with saddle shoes, nubucks, and other casual oxfords in light colors. The blast of red stood out, calling attention to men’s footwear. The rebellious youth loved anything that was new, different and bold.
1956 crepe sole casual shoes
Less bold but certainly different was a new kind of sole- the crepe sole. It was a thick natural colored nuby rubber sole paired with casual oxfords, loafers and sport shoes. Some boots like the Chukka had them too. The rubber made them comfortable to walk in, durable, and no-slip. Knock off designs featured a dense foam cushion with classic crepe groves on the sole.
Just like the red colored sole, natural colored crepe soles had to contrast with the shoe body to stand out. Chocolate brown, blue, grey or matching tan shoes were the best choices.
Reptile Skins and Western Prints
1951 western shoe with embossed leather and silk buckle
Suede and nubuck was popular because of the rough texture and anything with texture was in fashion in the 1950s. Reptile skin, which had been used during the war years as an alternative to leather, returned to fashion in the 1950s. Big skin prints were favored over smaller skins. Alligator print was the most common skin both real and fake.
Similar to reptile skin were embossed leather shoes. These were most associated with Western style men’s shoes or California ranch style. Some had silver monk strap buckles to mimic Western belt buckles. Embossed patterns could be Western themes or native American prints.
1958 knob-toe or square toe oxfords with Alligator leather body
Western boots remained popular for cowboys or those who choose to dress like California ranchers. Boots had decorative shafts, block heels and sharp pointy toes. Tone on tone colors was more popular in the 1950s whereas early decades mixed bright red, white and silver into flashy designs worthy of a rodeo star.
1955 men’s Western boots
1950s Men’s Loafers
1955 black tassel loafer
Moving away from casual lace up oxfords men pursued more ease and comfort with a loafer. Loafer styles could be the ’40s classic penny loafer, tasseled loafer, moccasin or elastic slip-on. Men’s loafers could easily be slipped into without the need to tie them. They were the ultimate casual shoe that was quickly replacing lace up dress shoes in most fashion settings.
1957 penny loafers
The classic penny loafer remained popular in the 1950s as it had been in the 1940s without much change. Brown or black penny loafers were worn on college campuses (with crepe soles), with summer sport clothing and with semi-casual sport coats and blazers. The dressed-down look that dominated most 1950s men’s fashion paired very well with slip-on loafers.
The tasseled slip-on loafer was a big new hit with all men. It came with a lightweight single sole, leather body or leather mixed with suede or reptile prints with two tassels tied and dangling on top. The tassels gave the loafer a bit more elegance and more versatility to crossover into men’s business wear.
Tassels originally appeared on moccasin style boat shoes which were still in fashion in the 1950s.
Men’s House Slippers
The slip-on shoe continued to be worn at home in the form of house slippers. Most men cast off whatever shoe they were wearing during the day and put on a pair of house slippers to wear for the remainder of their day. Smooth, plain, leather slippers with deep notches on the sides were the most common. Many had elastic between the notches for a better fit. The plainness of the slipper contrasts heavily against flashy daytime shoes. Even men needed a break from forward-thinking fashion sometimes.
1954 Men’s house slippers
Men’s 1950s Sport Shoes
1953 Aldens version of a Converse “Chucks” All Star Sneaker
The high top Converse “Chucks” sports shoe in the classic black and white combination was released in 1949. It was the professional sports shoe choice for basketball and baseball players and most high school and college sports as well. To wear them in school was a status symbol either as an athlete or Rebel. They were a favorite of the most notable rebel James Dean.
In 1957 the low cut Converse All Star was introduced to appeal to the mass market of kids already wearing “sneakers” as daily wear. They were very well received. Converse dominated 80% of all sport shoes sales in the 1950s.
1950s Men’s Sandals
1951 Men’s Sandals
Men’s sandal styles remained unchanged from recent decades. All leather is woven all over the toe with a T-strap and side buckle. The weave could be tight like earlier years but the ’50s style favored a larger weave with more space in between layers for breathability. Instead of a weave, some had large cutouts in the toe box.
Sandals were worn with socks (oh the horror!) and were not very popular yet as a shoe choice, even in summer.
Rebel Shoes- Rockabilly Shoes
1956 Engineer Boots or Motorcycle boots
For rebellious youths who would eventually inspire rockabilly fashion today the choices of footwear were vastly different than the classic styles listed above. With the exception of Converse sneakers, rebels looked for unique shoes not readily available on the mass market.
Boots, were one such shoe style that most men avoided unless it was for a labor job. Boots were not for fashion, they were practical, necessary and designed specifically for a physical task.
Motorcycle boots protected men’s feet and legs from road grime. They were called Engineer boots and were originally designed for firemen working the railroads shoveling coal into hot burners. The boots were a cross between logger boots and riding boots with a tall shaft and a belt and buckle around the ankle and on the upper outside shaft. It was the perfect boot for motorcycle riders since there were no laces to get caught in moving parts. Since rebels road motorcycles they became associated with delinquent youth and now Rockabilly fans.
Chukka Boots & Brothel Creepers
1956 Chukka Boots
The other unusual young men’s boot of the 1950s was the Chukka boot. They were inspired from desert military boots worn during WW2 in North Africa. They are ankle high boots made of suede or leather with a two or three hole lacing. The soles were a thick rubber crepe that protected the foot from the hot sand.
When young men returned from war they continued to wear these very comfortable boots and civilians bought up surplus stock and began wearing them too. Shoe designers took note of the trend and created new shoe designs with a crepe sole.
1950s Creepers- Lace up and monk strap styles
Teddy Boys wearing Creepers
Across the pond, the crepe sole shoe was adopted by British rebels, Teddy Boys. Renamed Brothel Creepers or just creepers after where Teddy Boys were known to gather they featured extra thick crepe soles and a low cut suede upper such as an oxford, loafer and monk strap design. One classic design feature two D rings for lace holes and a woven check pattern set within a moccasin top. Black was the most common color.
The Brothel Creeper mixed design elements with American Rock ‘n Roll rebel shoes to form blends of the two styles. Each shoe designer put their own spin on it in an effort to appeal to the growing youth market. They have continued to be part of underground culture adding new designs mixed from the past. In can be tricky to figure out what styles are authentic 1950s creepers and which ones are from the 1970s or 1980s.
1950s Chelsea Boot
1955 Chelsea Boot
In 1956 the Australian bush boat was featured in Esquire magazine. It was a smooth, slim, half boot with no laces, only two elastic side panels. It hadn’t been popular since the turn of the century yet here is was again. It would be later called the Chelsea boot and would become an icon of 1960s men’s fashion.
Continuing into the 1960s men’s shoes embraced the slim ankle boot, monk straps, and pointy toe winkelpicker. Each starting its history in the 1950s but didn’t hit mass market until the mid-1960s.
These are not all of the styles of men’s shoes but are the most common ones worn by middle-class men on a daily basis. Just like today, there were trendy brands and design styles that came in and out of fashion for a few years. If you grew up in the 1950s you probably remember some shoes your parents wore. If you were a child in the 50s then you may have worn children’s version of saddles shoes, bucks, loafers, cowboy boots, or sneakers. Leave a comment below and tell us about them below.
1956 boys shoes — oxfords, bucks, loafers